The Walled City
The city of Famagusta is surrounded by big historical walls, dating back to mediaeval times.
Built in the 14th century by the Lusignan Kingdom of Cyprus, the walls were high enough to defend the city but they were thin. Therefore, when the Venetians took the island from the Lusignans, they strengthened the walls in the 15th and 16th centuries. After the Ottoman seige of the city, the Ottomans repaired the damaged parts of the walls, which are still in a very good condition.
The city walls consist of towers, gates, bastions, embrasures, ramps, depots and stables, most important of which are Othello’s Tower (the Citadel), Rivellino Bastion, Martinengo Bastion, and Sea Gate Famagusta.