Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque (St Nicholas Cathedral)
Opened in 1328 as the Cathedral Of St Nicholas, it was later turned into a mosque and named Lala Mustafa Pasha Mosque in 1571 by the Ottoman. It is one of the two biggest mosques on the island and its great Gothic architecture is considered one of the most beautiful on the island even nowadays.
Located right in the middle of the Lusignan walls, the mosque remains as the most important monument and symbol of the city.
The most beautiful and the most properly protected part of the Cathedral, the western front, was built with an inspiration from The Reims Cathedral in Paris. Having a unique Gothic style laced glass window, the Cathedral has in its courtyard a 16th century Venetian portico which is today used as a fountain. A Venetian blazonry can be seen over the round windows at the entry. The rellef decorated with certain animal figures is said to be brought from a temple in Salamis. The upsit of the Cathedral, just like in most Cypriot churches, is in triformEastern style.
The 700 year old tropical fig tree at the entrance of the Cathedral is the oldest living thing on the island. Giving a fascinating shade in front of the Cathedral, the tree gives fruit 7 times a year, which are also called by the local people the “pharaoh’s fruit”.